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2021 WAEC Civic Education Questions and Answers



WAEC Civic Education 2021 : WAEC Civic Education Questions and Answers 2021, Legit Free  WAEC Civic Education 2021 objective and theory answers for West African Examinations Council (May/June) 2021. WAEC Civic Education objective and theory answers For you to have good WAEC result in Civic Education examination as well as repeated questions for free in this post. You will also understand how WAEC (Igbo) Civic Education questions are set and how to answer them. The West African Examinations Council (WAEC) is an examination board established by law to determine the examinations required in the public interest in the English-speaking West African countries, to conduct the examinations and to award certificates comparable to those of equivalent examining authorities internationally.

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WAEC Civic Education Questions and Answers 2021 Objectives Answers




WAEC Civic Education Essay Answers 2021

This are sample questions and answers from the previous Civic Education WAEC examination.

The main answers for 2021 will be loaded in this page 2 hours to the exam time.

(2021 Answers)

(1a). Citizenship education is a type of education which instills desirable values, attitudes, skills and knowledge into individuals to enable them participate in the affairs of their group or adjust functionally as good citizens.

(i) It helps to promote democratic values among citizens
(ii) It helps the citizens to recognize their civic rights and responsibilities

(iii) It encourages citizens to play a helpful part in the lives of their neighborhoods, communities and the wider world
(iv) It encourages respect for different national, religious and ethnic identities

WAEC Civic Education 2021 Questions and Answers

Inter-communal relationship is a relationship which exist between two or more communities. They relate to contribute to the peaceful and harmonious development of the society/communities and bring people of the various communities together.

(i) It is the roadmap to peace and good neighbourliness: Inter communal relationship has always been a tool for ensuring peace among communities and towns dating back to thousands of years. This perhaps explain why kings of neighbouring communities those times encouraged inter-marriage among their subjects, while kings exchange their daughters to one another as wives.

(ii) Inter-communal relationship promotes development: Usually, development in all sectors of the community is possible once there is peace.

(iii) It enhances security of lives and property: Harmony of good inter-communal relationships allow for the formation of security outfits by the communities themselves to complement the government’s law enforcement agents.

(iv) Inter-communal relationship promotes commerce among the community dwellers: There is encouragement of specialization since trading of goods and commodities is encouraged among the people. Joint market venues are developed while in rural and semi-urban communities the roads leading to such joint markets are maintained by all the community dwellers, where necessary make shift bridges are constructed to link up communities.

(i)Volunteer and support anti-trafficking efforts in your community to eradicate any form of trafficking.

WAEC Civic Education Questions 2021 and Answers

(i)Counseling in the school and at home
(iiGood teacher/student relationship
(iii)Parents should endeavour to observe and know the person or friends their children moves with
(iv)Visitation of parents to school to be aware about the activities of their children
(v)Good school allows for proper monitoring of students
(vi)The Frear of God is beginning of wisdom; efforts should be made at home , peers and the entire community to inculcate the fear of God into youths

(ii)Organize a fundraiser and donate the proceeds to an anti-trafficking organization will help the stop of trafficking .

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WAEC Literature In English 2021/2022 Answers




WAEC Literature In English 2021 Questions

WAEC Literature In English Questions and Answers 2021 Objectives Answers

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WAEC Literature In English Questions 2021 and Answers

Section A
Through Kabria and Sylv Po’s visit to Maa Tsuru, Fofo gets a chance to question her mother’s irresponsible nature. Maa Tsuru had no answers to Fofo’s questions just as she could not give any other option to Fofo apart from, “Go away from Accra” when Fofo inquired about why Poison attempted to rape her. Fofo from here knew she could not rely on her mother for protection; something that will come as a heavy blow to any fourteen year old. Kabria asked Fofo when inquiring about her rehabilitation process about staying with her mother again. Fofo’s answer was an emphatic ‘Never!’. This showed how sour the relationship between mother and daughter had turned.

Critically analyzing the relationship between Maa Tsuru and Fofo based on their decision making alone, the mother becomes the daughter while the daughter becomes the mother. Maa Tsuru’s poor decisions and infantile attitude suits more a teenager than a mother of six children. Fofo, the fourteen year old, seem to make the right choices guided by her instincts and naivety.

In the end, Maa Tsuru failed as Fofo’s mother and it took a once-in-a-life-time chance for Fofo to be saved off the jaws of the streets through the benevolence and motherly instincts of Kabria.

(1 Continuation)
Fofo who is confused, wants to know why the death of Baby T should necessitate an attempted rape on her, why Poison should get angered about a mother being told of her daughter’s demise.
Hence Maa Tsuru explains how poison came to the house to turn her into leper. Apparently, Poison had come to the house to openly reveal how Maa Tsuru released Baby T into prostitution and made money out of her demise. As a wicked person, Poison had threatened to replace Baby T with Fofo if Maa Tsuru or others involvement in the deal make him unhappy.
Fofo is vexed, protests her mother’s persistence that she should go away, and ponders where her mother wants her to go, especially when she lacks the wherewithal. She demands something better from her mother who has none to offer but Maa Tsuru regrets what she thinks “should not have happened”. The above made Fofo inquire if her father is still her mother’s husband.
Frustrated and weeping, Maa Tsuru decided to warn her daughter not to speak to her anyhow. Fofo is not impressed. Maa Tsuru prays silently for an end to her experience, after her daughter had told her she never wanted to come to her and her mother had shown surprise.
Later, fofo calmly asked why Poison is angry about Maami Borni coming to tell Baby T’s death to her mother and if anyone has spoken of what really happened.
Lastly, Maa Tsuru’s laments do not impress Fofo and later shows lack of concern to her mother’s consoling words; if she liked the plastic bag in the room. She(Fofo) meets Ordaley outside and inform that all is not right, they left afterwards.
In conclusion, this episode shows how decayed and depraved Shana society is in the book “faceless”


Although the play, there is a host of irresponsible men paraded. Muted leaves Maa Tsuru because he thinks she is cursed after having four children with her, he leaves her with no financial help. Nii Kpakpo preys on her and also leaves her after two children and also leaving her astray. He sexually molests his step daughter, Baby T. There is Dina, the founder of MUTE, whose husband left four years after their marriage because they had no child. Onko is the fetish relative who rapes Baby T and bribes his way out of trouble. He eventually murders her in bid to change his financial woes. Instead of working hard, he believes the herbalists ritual will perform an immediate miracles on his business. The only man who says with his family in the novel is Kabira’s husband and he isn’t exactly portrayed in a good light. He’s stingy and does not help out in the house. He nags his wife and his more interested in his image than the comfortability of Kabira who uses her old car, creamy to do all the house runs without help from her husband

Alani, the third child of yaremi reject his ancestry by living ibadan for a long time. As a son to Ajumobi he is the heir and the right person to inherit his property. But his concerns are entirely different and values are not the same with those of the villagers too,he adopted an individualistic attitude to life, a sharp contrast to the laufi villager’s communistic deposition to the world around them.He is neither concerned about the well-being of his old mother nor his late father’s properties which he is the rightful owner of the properties.
Alani was advice by Uncle Dayo of his responsibilitiy as the only son of his father, he tell him of the continuity of life which even plants and animals obey.


WAEC Literature 2021 Questions and Answers

Bigger berates himself for somehow failing to acquire more money during the murder and cover-up, feeling that he should have planned things more carefully. He visits Bessie and shows her the money. Bessie tells Bigger that his employers live in the same section of town as the Loeb family. They discuss a recent case in which Richard Loeb and his friend Nathan Leopold kidnapped a neighborhood boy, killed him, and tried to collect ransom money from the family. Bigger remembers the case and begins to concoct his own ransom plan. Bigger sees that Bessie is as blind as his family, as she uses liquor to blot out the pain of her life. He struggles over whether or not to trust her, but tells her that he has a big plan to obtain more money. Bigger tells Bessie that the Daltons’ daughter ran away with a “Red,” and that he took the money from Mary’s room after she disappeared. He says he wants to write a ransom note and collect more. He assures Bessie that Mary has disappeared for good, but Bessie is suspicious of how he knows for certain. When Bessie asks Bigger if he is involved with Mary’s disappearance, he threatens to beat her. He tells Bessie to retrieve the ransom money at a planned drop-off site, assuring her that he will be able to warn her if the money is marked or if the police are watching, as he works for the Daltons and will be privy to their plans. Bessie hesitantly agrees to help, so he gives her Mary’s money for safekeeping


Walpole’s The Castle of Otranto displays many of the features that would become stereotypically Gothic, being deployed around ghosts and spirits. For example, the story takes place in a foreign country, in a medieval castle with towers and secret passageways. The castle is eerie and ominous, plagued by creaking hinges, trap doors clanging shut, the wailing of the wind, and the life-like quality of people in paintings.

Supernatural elements like ghosts, visions, mysterious suits of armor, and prophecies run through the novel. Though Walpole is often credited as the first Gothic novelist, such fanciful elements were in fact drawn from medieval romance, heroic tales in which knights often encountered marvels or supernatural phenomena on their adventures. Though the Gothic novel was always considered lowbrow literature even during the height of its popularity, before Walpole, “gothic” was looked down upon even more, and associated with barbarism. Walpole’s novel helped to change that, and his unfettered enthusiasm for the Middle Ages was extraordinary. One of many accomplishments he is well known for is Strawberry Hill, a faux-medieval castle Walpole built for himself and on which he based The Castle of Otranto.

Though many of the literary devices found in Otranto are now recognized as archetypically “Gothic,” Walpole’s novel indulged in humor in a way that later Gothic works such as Dracula and Frankenstein did not. Part of this is achieved merely by his presentation of Gothic and supernatural elements. For example, Conrad’s death by giant helmet, while tragic to the story’s characters, is completely absurd. The setting itself, often merely eerie in later Gothic works, is also occasionally humorous. The castle’s “deep and hollow groan” is “the effect of pent-up vapours” — in other words, the castle is farting.

WAEC Literature 2021 Questions and Answers Continues

Drama & Poetry

Aloho comes in contact with her secondary school mate, Ochuole, who promises to secure a job for her by speaking with the Honourable Minister of External Relations, Chief Haladu Ade-Amaka, on her behalf. Ochuole keeps to her promise, and Aloho is offered a job as one of Chief’s protocol officers, not knowing that the job requires more than what she thinks. She is also unaware of the fact that Ochuole is being used by Chief to perpetrate criminal activities, especially drug trafficking. As regards this, Madam Hoha is not left out as her restaurant/hotel is the hideout for Chief’s criminal activities. As one of her hidden job descriptions, Aloho is given a package containing hard drugs to deliver in the United States of America. Having no idea of what is contained in the package, Aloho accepts the package from Chief Ade-Amaka wholeheartedly and subsequently gets arrested at the airport by drug law enforcement officers. Aloho is later released by the Judge and the prosecutors after collecting a huge sum of money from Chief. Upon her release, she discovers that she is pregnant by Chief and decides to abort the pregnancy after feeling being humiliated for having been used by Ochuole and Chief Ade-Amaka. Unfortunately, after several futile attempts to abort the pregnancy, Aloho dies after giving birth to the child. Ogeyi Ogar, Aloho’s true friend (whose pieces of advice she had turned down) is bent on having all those who used her friend punished. As a result, she reports Chief to the police. After an investigation initiated by ACP Yakubu and a careful examination of the legal issues in the illegal activities of Chief Ade-Amaka by the Judge of the Wasa High Court of Justice, Chief Ade-Amaka and his accomplices are found guilty. In the end, justice prevails as the all the corrupt public officers in the play have a harvest of the corrupt practices they’ve sown for years.

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2021/2022 WAEC Physics Expo





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2021 WAEC English Language Answers (Essay, OBJ & Oral)


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No: 1,2,3,4,6,7,8,9 and 11 Posted

Workdone = 1/2Fe
= 1/2 × 40 × 1/100
= 1/5 = 0.2J

(i)Navigation satellites e.g global position system – GPS
(ii) Communication satellites eg ANIK

V = 2πR/T
For every second,
Speed, V = 2πR
V = 2 × 22/7 × 6300
V = 39,600km/s
(i) Reflection
(ii) Refraction
(iii) Diffraction
The scientific principle underlying the operation of a fibre optics is the principle of total internal reflection by which light signals can be transmitted from one place to another with a negligible loss of energy.

Core: The core is the light transmission area of the fibre, either glass or plastic cladding. The function of the cladding is to provide a lower refractive index at the core interface in order to cause reflection within the core so as to enable light waves transmitted through the fibre.

Cladding: It functions as a gadget that provides a clear refractive index at the core interface in order to cause reflection within the core so that light waves are transmitted through the fibre.
Hooke’s law states that the extension e produced by an elastic material is directly proportional to the applied force provided the elastic unit is not exceeded.

(i) Given extension, e = I2 – I1 = 0.75 – 0.20 = 0.55m
Force applied, Fe = (1.95 – 0.30) × 10
= 1.65 × 10 = 16.5N
Force constant , K = F/R = 16.5/0.55 = 30N/m

(ii) Using F = K (I1 – Io)
m1g = K ( I1 – Io)
= 0.30 × 10 = 30(0.20 – Io)
= 0.10 = 0.20 – Io
Io = 0.20 – 0.10
Io = 0.10m
Length of spring when it was unloaded = 0.10m

Diffusion is the net movement of particles from a region of higher concentration to a region of lower concentration.

(i) Temperature
(ii) Size of particles

Rate of diffusion is inversely proportional to the square root of density under given conditions of temperature and pressure. ie R ∝ 1/√d

T = circumference of the orbit/orbit velocity
T = 2πR/v
But V = √GM/R
T = 2π√R³/GM
Root measurement value of an alternating current is the value of A.C current that has the same heating affect as a D.C current

Impedance is the affective resistance of an electric circuit arising from the combined affects of ohmic resistance and reactance. (i.e resistors, indicators and capacitors)

Current in circuit , I = 60/120 = 0.5A
Voltage across device , Vr = 120V
Voltage across capacitor , Vc = √V² – Vr
Vc = √240² – 120²
Vc = 207.846V
Ic = I = 0.5
Xc = Vc/Ic = 207.846/0.5 = 415.7Ω
Capacitance, C = Xc/2πf = 415.7/2*3.142*50 = 1.323F

The capacitance of a capacitor is the ratio of the amount of charge on its plates to the potential difference between them. ie C = ∑/V

(i) Charge in both capacitors are the same
∑1 = Q2
ie C1V1 = C2V2 ………(1)
Total capacitance ,C = C1C2/C1+C2
C = C2/1+C2/C1 = C2/1+V/V2
C = C2V2/V1+V2 = C2V2/2
C= 1/2C2V2

(ii)Voltage across, V1 = (C2/C1+C2) × V
V1 = (C1/C1+C2) × V
But C1/C2 = d2/d1 = 5/2
V1 = (1/(5/2+1)) × 2 = 2/7 ×2 = 4/7Volts
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2021/2022 WAEC Chemistry Practical Specimen Question And Answer




2021 WAEC Chemistry Practical Specimen Questions And Answers

WAEC Chemistry 2021 Specimen.

The following apparatus and materials will be required by each candidate in addition to the fittings and reagents normally contained in a chemistry laboratory.

(a) one burette of 50cm³ capacity.

(b) one pipette, either 20cm³ or 25cm³.

All candidates at a centre will use pipettes of the same volume. These should be clean and free from grease.

(c) the usual apparatus for titration;

(d) the usual apparatus and reagents for qualitative work including the following with all reagents appropriately labelled.

(i) dilute sodium hydroxide solution.

(ii) dilute hydrochloric acid.

(iii) dilute trioxonitrate(v) acid.

(iv) silver trioxonitrate(v) solution.

(v) acidified potassium dichromate solution.

(vi) aqueous ammonia.

(vii) lime water.

(viii) red and blue litmus paper.

(ix) dilute tetraoxosulphate(vi) acid.

(e) Spatula.

(f) filtration apparatus.

(g) one beaker.

(h) one boiling tube.

(i) four test tubes.

(j) Methyl orange as an indicator.

(k) mathematical table/calculator.

(l) wash bottle containing distilled/deionized water.

(m) a burning splint.

(n) watch glass.

(o) bunsen burner/source of heat.

(p) droppers.

(3) Each candidate should be supplied with the following where n is the candidate’s serial number.

(a) 150cm³ of a solution of HCL, in a corked flask or bottle, labelled “An”. These should all be the same containing 9.0cm³ of concentrated HCL (about 60%) per dm³ of solution.

(b) 150cm³ of NaOH solution in a corked flask or bottle labelled “Bn”. These should all be the same containing 4.8g of NaOH per dm³ of solution.

(c) one spatula of a uniform mixture of CUSO4 and (NH4)2CO3 in a specimen bottle and corked immediately, and labelled “Cn”. The components of the mixture should be in the ratio 1 : 1 by mass.

(d) One spatula full of crystals of iodine in a specimen bottle labelled “Dn”. This must be the same for all candidates.

WAEC Chemistry Practical Questions

1. A is a solution of potassium tetraoxomanganate (VII). B is a solution of iron (II) Chloride containing 4.80 g of the salt in 250cm3 of solution.

(a) Put A into the burette. Pipette 20.0cm3 or 25.0 of B into a conical flask, add 20.0cm3 of H2SO4(aq)and titrate with A. repeat the titration to obtain concordant titire values.

Tabulate your results and calculate the average volume of A used. The equation of the reaction is: MnO–4(aq) + 5Fe2+(aq) + 8H+(aq) > Mn2+(aq) + 5Fe3+(aq) + 4H2O(I)

(b) From your results and the information provided, calculate the

(i) concentration of B in moldm-3;

(ii) Concentration of A in moldm-3 (

iii) number of moles of Fe2+ in the volume of B pipetted [FeCI2 = 127 gmol-1].

Credit will be given for strict adherence to the illustrations for observations precisely and for accurate inferences.

All tests, observations and inferences must be clearly entered in the booklet in ink at the time they are made.

2. C and D are inorganic salts.

Carry out the following exercises on them.

Record your observations and identify any gas(es) evolved. State the conclusions and draw fromt the result of each test.

(a) Put all of C in a test tube and add about 5cm3 of distilled water. Shake thoroughly and test the resulting solution with litmus paper. Divide the solution into three portions.

(i) To the first portion, add NaOH(aq) in drops, then in excess.

(ii) To the second portion, add NH3(aq) in drops, then in excess.

(iii) To the third portion, add AgNO3(aq) followed by HCI(aq)

(b)(i) Put all of D in a test tube and add about 5cm3 of distilled water.

Shake thoroughly and feel the test tube. (ii) To about 2cm3 of the solution, add HCI(aq).

3. State the observations that would be made when each of the following reactions are carried out in the laboratory

(a) Addition of 2cm3 of bench H2SO4(aq) to 2cm3 of barrium chloride solution;

(b) Addition of 2cm3 of dilute hydrochloric acid to 1 g of powered iron(II) sulphide (FeS);

(c) Addition of 2cm3 of dilute hydrochloric acid to 1 g of iron filings and allowed to stand for sometime.

WAEC Chemistry Practical Answers

1. Equation of the reaction: MnO–4(aq) + 5Fe2+(aq) + 8H+(aq) > Mn2+(aq) + 5Fe3+(aq) + 4H2O(I)



It turns blue litmus paper red.

Pure copper(II) sulfate is white. It is also known as anhydrous copper(II) sulfate because it has no water in it. When water is present in a sample of copper(II) sulfate it turns blue.

This colour change can be used to detect the presence of water (or water vapour).

When exposed to light, silver chloride decomposes into gray metallic silver and chlorine. The light sensitivity of the silver chloride and other silver halides, such as silver bromide and silver iodide, forms the basis of the photographic process.


Phenolphtalein is chosen because it changes color in a pH range between 8.3 – 10. It will appear pink in basic solutions and clear in acidic solutions. ..

When exposed to light, silver chloride decomposes into gray metallic silver and chlorine. The light sensitivity of the silver chloride and other silver halides, such as silver bromide and silver iodide, forms the basis of the photographic process.

The ammonia combines with silver ions to produce a complex ion called the diamminesilver(I) ion, [Ag(NH3)2]+. This is a reversible reaction, but the complex is very stable, and the position of equilibrium lies well to the right.

Pure copper(II) sulfate is white. It is also known as anhydrous copper(II) sulfate because it has no water in it. When water is present in a sample of copper(II) sulfate it turns blue.

This colour change can be used to detect the presence of water (or water vapour).



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